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COMMENTARY

COMMENTARY
English
Gospel according to Matthew
Gospel according to Mark
Gospel according to Luke
Gospel according to John
Acts of the Apostles
Epistle to the Romans

German
Die Offenbarung des Johannes

Arabic
إنجيل المسيح حسب متى
إنجيل المسيح حسب مرقس
إنجيل المسيح حسب لوقا
إنجيل المسيح حسب يوحنا
أعمال الرسل
رسالة إِلى أهل رومية
رسالة إِلى أهل غلاطية
رسالة إِلى أهل فيلبي
رسالة إلى أهل كولوسي
رسالة إلى العبرانيين
رسالة يعقوب
رؤيا يوحنا

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A - THE SERMON ON THE MOUNT: ABOUT THE CONSTITUTION OF THE KINGDOM OF HEAVEN
(MATTHEW 5:1 - 7:27) (The First Collection of the Words of Jesus)

a) The Beatitudes (Matthew 5:1-12)
1   And seeing the multitudes, he went up into a mountain: and when he was set, his disciples came unto him:
2   And he opened his mouth, and taught them, saying,

Christ had compassion on His people who knew neither their Lord nor themselves. He chose His disciples out of these lost ones. He called them and led them to a hill where He sat and taught His chosen disciples and the crowds around them. In the midst of nature, Christ declared the principles of the divine kingdom and revealed His heavenly constitution.
The many miraculous healings of Christ in Galilee, which we read about at the close of the previous chapter, were intended to prepare the way for this fundamental sermon and to dispose people to receive instructions from the One in whom appeared the divine power, goodness and mercy. Probably, this sermon was the summary of what He had preached in several synagogues of Galilee. His basic theme was “Repent, for the kingdom of heaven is at hand.” Through His sermon He wants to reform not only our acts but also our aims, not only our deeds but also our intentions. He reassures us of God’s word: “Return to Me, and I will return to you, says the Lord of hosts” (Malachi 3:7).
The place of the sermon was one of the hills in Galilee. Christ had no convenient place to preach in, any more than “to lay His head” on. While the scribes and Pharisees had Moses’ chair to sit in, with all possible comfort, honor and state, and there corrupted the law, our Lord Jesus, the great Teacher of truth had to choose a hill as His pulpit. This hill was not a holy place as the mountain of Zion. In this way Christ intimates that men should pray and preach the holy Gospel everywhere.
Christ delivered this sermon as an exposition of His divine law upon a mountain, because upon a “mountain” the Old Testament law was given. But observe the difference. When the law was given to Moses, the Lord “came down” upon the mountain, now the Lord “went up.” On the mount of Sinai the Lord spoke in thunder and lightning, but in Galilee, in a kind voice. Previously the people were ordered to keep their distance, now they were invited to draw near, a blessed change! (2 Corinthians 3:7; Hebrew 12:18)
The listeners standing near to Jesus were His disciples who followed His call (Mark 3:13; Luke 6:13). To them He directed His speech, because they followed Him for love not of necessity, while others attended Him only for healing. He taught His followers, because they were willing to listen. They wanted to understand every word He taught. Because they were to teach others in future it was necessary that they should have a clear and distinct knowledge of all details of His Law themselves.
Jesus opened His Sermon on the Mount with the unique word “Blessed.” He repeated it nine times like a bell ringing from heaven, proclaiming to us that happiness and rejoicing are the basis and the secret of the law of His kingdom. You do not have to fulfill burdensome commandments and statutes or perform certain rituals to enter the kingdom of God, but you should accept the kind words of Christ with the simplicity of faith. Then you will be saved from divine judgment and delivered from eternal punishment. Christ invites you to overwhelming joy since He did not come to destroy sinners but to save them. God’s constitution for mankind is based on everlasting joy, thankfulness and exultation, not on ordinances and tears.

 

Question:

43. Why does the law of Christ begin with the word “Blessed” instead of “You shall” or “You shall not?”

 

 

Table of contents

PREFACE

PART 1
THE PRELIMINARY PERIOD IN THE MINISTRY OF CHRIST
(MATTHEW 1:1 - 4:25)

PART 2
CHRIST TEACHES AND MINISTERS IN GALILEE
(MATTHEW 5:1 - 11:1)

A - THE SERMON ON THE MOUNT: ABOUT THE CONSTITUTION OF THE KINGDOM OF HEAVEN
(MATTHEW 5:1 - 7:27) (The First Collection of the Words of Jesus)

a) The Beatitudes (Matthew 5:1-12)
5:1
A - THE SERMON ON THE MOUNT: ABOUT THE CONSTITUTION OF THE KINGDOM OF HEAVEN
(MATTHEW 5:1 - 7:27) (The First Collection of the Words of Jesus)

a) The Beatitudes (Matthew 5:1-12) - continued
5:3
A - THE SERMON ON THE MOUNT: ABOUT THE CONSTITUTION OF THE KINGDOM OF HEAVEN
(MATTHEW 5:1 - 7:27) (The First Collection of the Words of Jesus)

a) The Beatitudes (Matthew 5:1-12) - continued
5:4
A - THE SERMON ON THE MOUNT: ABOUT THE CONSTITUTION OF THE KINGDOM OF HEAVEN
(MATTHEW 5:1 - 7:27) (The First Collection of the Words of Jesus)

a) The Beatitudes (Matthew 5:1-12) - continued
5:5
A - THE SERMON ON THE MOUNT: ABOUT THE CONSTITUTION OF THE KINGDOM OF HEAVEN
(MATTHEW 5:1 - 7:27) (The First Collection of the Words of Jesus)

a) The Beatitudes (Matthew 5:1-12) - continued
5:6
A - THE SERMON ON THE MOUNT: ABOUT THE CONSTITUTION OF THE KINGDOM OF HEAVEN
(MATTHEW 5:1 - 7:27) (The First Collection of the Words of Jesus)

a) The Beatitudes (Matthew 5:1-12) - continued
5:7
A - THE SERMON ON THE MOUNT: ABOUT THE CONSTITUTION OF THE KINGDOM OF HEAVEN
(MATTHEW 5:1 - 7:27) (The First Collection of the Words of Jesus)

a) The Beatitudes (Matthew 5:1-12) - continued
5:8
A - THE SERMON ON THE MOUNT: ABOUT THE CONSTITUTION OF THE KINGDOM OF HEAVEN
(MATTHEW 5:1 - 7:27) (The First Collection of the Words of Jesus)

a) The Beatitudes (Matthew 5:1-12) - continued
5:9
A - THE SERMON ON THE MOUNT: ABOUT THE CONSTITUTION OF THE KINGDOM OF HEAVEN
(MATTHEW 5:1 - 7:27) (The First Collection of the Words of Jesus)

a) The Beatitudes (Matthew 5:1-12) - continued
5:10
A - THE SERMON ON THE MOUNT: ABOUT THE CONSTITUTION OF THE KINGDOM OF HEAVEN
(MATTHEW 5:1 - 7:27) (The First Collection of the Words of Jesus)

a) The Beatitudes (Matthew 5:1-12) - continued
5:11
b) The Purpose of the Sermon on the Mount: The Application of the Law of God
(Matthew 5:13-16)
5:13
b) The Purpose of the Sermon on the Mount: The Application of the Law of God
(Matthew 5:13-16) - continued
5:14
c) The Infallibility and Fulfillment of the Law of Moses in the Law of Christ
(Matthew 5:17-20)
5:17
1. OUR DUTIES TOWARDS MEN
(MATTHEW 5:21-48)

a) Forbidding Murder Aims at Reconciliation
(Matthew 5:21-26)
5:21
b) Forbidding Adultery Signifies Seeking Purity
(Matthew 5:27-32)
5:27
b) Forbidding Adultery Signifies Seeking Purity
(Matthew 5:27-32) - continued
5:31
c) Forbidding Oaths Signifies Telling the Truth
(Matthew 5:33-37)
5:33
d) Meekness Overcomes Revenge
(Matthew 5:38-42)
5:38
d) Meekness Overcomes Revenge
(Matthew 5:38-42) - continued
5:40
e) Hatred of Enemies is Replaced with Love
(Matthew 5:43-48)
5:43
2. OUR DUTIES TOWARDS GOD
(MATTHEW 6:1-18)

a) Almsgiving in Secret
(Matthew 6:1-4)
6:1
b) Prayer in Solitude
(Matthew 6:5-8)
6:5
c) The Lord’s Prayer
(Matthew 6:9-13)
6:9
c) The Lord’s Prayer
(Matthew 6:9-13) - continued
6:10
c) The Lord’s Prayer
(Matthew 6:9-13) - continued
6:10
c) The Lord’s Prayer
(Matthew 6:9-13) - continued
6:11
c) The Lord’s Prayer
(Matthew 6:9-13) - continued
6:12
c) The Lord’s Prayer
(Matthew 6:9-13) - continued
6:13
c) The Lord’s Prayer
(Matthew 6:9-13) - continued
6:13
d) The Inevitable Seeking of Reconciliation
(Matthew 6:14-15)
6:14
e) Fasting Joyously
(Matthew 6:16-18)
6:16
3. THE VICTORY OVER OUR EVIL INTENTS
(MATTHEW 6:19-7:6)

a) He Who Collects Money for Himself Shall Serve Satan
(Matthew 6:19-24)
6:19
3. THE VICTORY OVER OUR EVIL INTENTS
(MATTHEW 6:19-7:6)

a) He Who Collects Money for Himself Shall Serve Satan
(Matthew 6:19-24) - continued
6:22
3. THE VICTORY OVER OUR EVIL INTENTS
(MATTHEW 6:19-7:6)

a) He Who Collects Money for Himself Shall Serve Satan
(Matthew 6:19-24) - continued
6:24
b) Trusting the Providence of Your Heavenly Father
(Matthew 6:25-34)
6:25
c) He Who Knows His Lord, Judges Himself, not Others
(Matthew 7:1-6)
7:1
c) He Who Knows His Lord, Judges Himself, not Others
(Matthew 7:1-6) - continued
7:6
4. THE SUMMARY OF THE CONSTITUTION OF THE KINGDOM OF HEAVEN
(MATTHEW 7:7-27)

a) The Prayer of Faith in God the Father (Matthew 7:7-11)
7:7
b) The Golden Rule (Matthew 7:12) 7:12
c) The Two Ways
(Matthew 7:13-14)
7:13
d) The False Prophets
(Matthew 7:15-20)
7:15
e) The Application of the Law by the Power of the Spirit
(Matthew 7:21-23)
7:21
f) The Wise Man and the Foolish Man
(Matthew 7:24-29)
7:24
f) The Wise Man and the Foolish Man
(Matthew 7:24-29) - continued
7:28
B - THE MIRACLES OF CHRIST IN CAPERNAUM AND ITS SURROUNDINGS
(MATTHEW 8:1 - 9:35)

1. The Leper Healed
(Matthew 8:1-4)
8:1
2. Christ Heals the Centurion’s Servant
(Matthew 8:5-13)
8:5
3. Peter’s Mother-in-law Healed
(Matthew 8:14-17)
8:14
4. The Principles of Following Jesus
(Matthew 8:18-22)
8:18
4. The Principles of Following Jesus
(Matthew 8:18-22) - continued
8:21
5. Jesus Calms the Storm and the Waves
(Matthew 8:23-27)
8:23
6. Thousand Devils Cast Out of Two Possessed Men
(Matthew 8:28-34)
8:28
7. Christ’s Authority and Power to Forgive and to Heal
(Matthew 9:1-8)
9:1
8. The Calling of Matthew, the Tax Collector
(Matthew 9:9-13)
9:9
9. The Baptist’s Disciples Question about Fasting
(Matthew 9:14-17)
9:14
9. The Baptist’s Disciples Question about Fasting
(Matthew 9:14-17) - continued
9:16
10. A Girl Brought Back to Life and a Woman Healed
(Matthew 9:18-26)
9:18
11. Two Blind Men and a Dumb Man Healed
(Matthew 9:27-34)
9:27
11. Two Blind Men and a Dumb Man Healed
(Matthew 9:27-34) - continued
9:32
C - THE TWELVE DISCIPLES ARE SENT OUT TO PREACH AND SERVE
(MATTHEW 9:35 - 11:1)

1. The Great Compassion of Christ
(Matthew 9:35-38)
9:35
2. The Calling of the Twelve Disciples
(Matthew 10:1-4)
10:1
3. THE METHODS OF SPREADING THE KINGDOM OF HEAVEN
(MATTHEW 10:5 - 11:1) (The Second Collection of the Words of Jesus)

a) The Fundamental Principles of Preaching
(Matthew 10:5-15)
10:5
3. THE METHODS OF SPREADING THE KINGDOM OF HEAVEN
(MATTHEW 10:5 - 11:1) (The Second Collection of the Words of Jesus)

a) The Fundamental Principles of Preaching
(Matthew 10:5-15) - continued
10:7
3. THE METHODS OF SPREADING THE KINGDOM OF HEAVEN
(MATTHEW 10:5 - 11:1) (The Second Collection of the Words of Jesus)

a) The Fundamental Principles of Preaching
(Matthew 10:5-15) - continued
10:11
3. THE METHODS OF SPREADING THE KINGDOM OF HEAVEN
(MATTHEW 10:5 - 11:1) (The Second Collection of the Words of Jesus)

a) The Fundamental Principles of Preaching
(Matthew 10:5-15) - continued
10:13
b) The Risks of Preaching
(Matthew 10:16-25)
10:16
b) The Risks of Preaching
(Matthew 10:16-25) - continued
10:17
b) The Risks of Preaching
(Matthew 10:16-25) - continued
10:19
b) The Risks of Preaching
(Matthew 10:16-25) - continued
10:21
b) The Risks of Preaching
(Matthew 10:16-25) - continued
10:24
c) Encouragement Amidst Trouble (Matthew 10:26-33) 10:26
c) Encouragement Amidst Trouble (Matthew 10:26-33) - continued 10:28
c) Encouragement Amidst Trouble (Matthew 10:26-33) - continued 10:29
c) Encouragement Amidst Trouble (Matthew 10:26-33) - continued 10:32
d) Division as a Result of Preaching
(Matthew 10:34-39)
10:34
d) Division as a Result of Preaching
(Matthew 10:34-39) - continued
10:35
d) Division as a Result of Preaching
(Matthew 10:34-39) - continued
10:38
e) The Sublime Aim of Preaching
(Matthew 10:40-11:1)
10:40
e) The Sublime Aim of Preaching
(Matthew 10:40-11:1) - continued
10:41
e) The Sublime Aim of Preaching
(Matthew 10:40-11:1) - continued
11:1

PART 3
THE UNBELIEVING JEWS AND THEIR ENMITY TO JESUS
(MATTHEW 11:2-18:35)

PART 4
JESUS’ MINISTRY IN THE JORDAN VALLEY DURING HIS JOURNEY TO JERUSALEM
(MATTHEW 19:1 - 20:34)

PART 5
JESUS’ LAST MINISTRIES IN JERUSALEM
(MATTHEW 21:1 - 25:46)

PART 6
CHRIST’S SUFFEINGS AND DEATH
(MATTHEW 26:1-27:66)

PART 7
THE RESURRECTION OF OUR LORD JESUS CHRIST
(MATTHEW 28:1-20)

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