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COMMENTARY

COMMENTARY
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Gospel according to Matthew
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Gospel according to Luke
Gospel according to John
Acts of the Apostles
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Die Offenbarung des Johannes

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إنجيل المسيح حسب متى
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إنجيل المسيح حسب يوحنا
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8. The Sixth Woe
(Matthew 23:25-26)
25   Woe unto you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! for ye make clean the outside of the cup and of the platter, but within they are full of extortion and excess.
26   Thou blind Pharisee, cleanse first that which is within the cup and platter, that the outside of them may be clean also.

The practice of the Pharisees, in their homes, was to clean the outside of every cup and dish. This was not for health reasons, but as a religious duty; otherwise they might become impure if the dirt of an impure man or animal landed on their dishes. They were more concerned with this ritual of cleanliness than whether the drinks they poured into the cups were stolen, or whether they themselves had become unclean through adultery. When Jesus condemned this practice, He canceled all the purification rituals. He instructed the hypocrites to clean their hearts from every bad intent. Then, having done that, they might care for outside cleanliness as well. Outside bodily cleanliness does not signify sanctification of the mind, and beautiful clothes can hide an evil-minded person.
Every cleaning and ablution is superficial, for it does not clean the spirit of man. All religions realize that man is not pure within, and needs purification. Only the blood of Jesus Christ can purify us from every sin. The Holy Spirit then sanctifies man so that he who believes in Christ obtains a new heart and a right spirit within.

 

Prayer:   Heavenly Father, You guided Your prophet David to cry out in repentance, "Create in me a clean heart, O God, and renew a steadfast spirit within me." We repeat his prayer and confess that there is no hope in us to obtain heavenly purity except through the blood of Jesus Christ and being born again of the Holy Spirit. Grant that our nation, particularly the believers, may truly repent, and not satisfy themselves with their own righteousness, but seek Your justification and divine sanctification. Help everyone who searches for a clean heart to find Jesus, who has completed salvation for all.

 

Question:

207. What was the fault of the Scribes and Pharisees who emphasized the cleaning of cups and dishes more than necessary?

 

 

Table of contents

PREFACE

PART 1
THE PRELIMINARY PERIOD IN THE MINISTRY OF CHRIST
(MATTHEW 1:1 - 4:25)

PART 2
CHRIST TEACHES AND MINISTERS IN GALILEE
(MATTHEW 5:1 - 11:1)

PART 3
THE UNBELIEVING JEWS AND THEIR ENMITY TO JESUS
(MATTHEW 11:2-18:35)

PART 4
JESUS’ MINISTRY IN THE JORDAN VALLEY DURING HIS JOURNEY TO JERUSALEM
(MATTHEW 19:1 - 20:34)

PART 5
JESUS’ LAST MINISTRIES IN JERUSALEM
(MATTHEW 21:1 - 25:46)

A - A DISPUTE IN THE TEMPLE
(MATTHEW 21:1 - 22:46)

1. Jesus’ Entrance into Jerusalem
(Matthew 21:1-9)
21:1
A - A DISPUTE IN THE TEMPLE
(MATTHEW 21:1 - 22:46)

1. Jesus’ Entrance into Jerusalem
(Matthew 21:1-9) - continued
21:6
2. Jesus Cleanses the Temple
(Matthew 21:10-17)
21:10
2. Jesus Cleanses the Temple
(Matthew 21:10-17) - continued
21:14
3. The Unfruitful Fig Tree Cursed
(Matthew 21:18-22)
21:18
4. Jesus Questioned by the Elders of the Jews
(Matthew 21:23-27)
21:23
4. Jesus Questioned by the Elders of the Jews
(Matthew 21:23-27) - continued
21:24
5. Jesus Gives Four Parables
(Matthew 21:28 - 22:14)

a) The Parable of the Two Sons
(Matthew 21:28-32)
21:28
b) The Parable of the Wicked Vinedressers
(Matthew 21:33-41)
21:33
c) The Parable about the Stumbling Block
(Matthew 21:42-46)
21:42
d) The Parable of the Great Wedding Feast
(Matthew 22:1-14)
22:1
6. The Things that are Caesar’s, and Those that are God’s
(Matthew 22:15-22)
22:15
7. In the Resurrection they neither Marry nor are Given in Marriage
(Matthew 22:23-33)
22:23
8. The Great Commandment
(Matthew 22:34-40)
22:34
9. Christ is the Lord
(Matthew 22:41-46)
22:41
B - CHRIST REBUKES AND WARNS THE JEWISH SPIRITUAL LEADERS
(MATTHEW 23:1-39) (The Fifth Collection of the Words of Jesus)

1. Rebuke of the Scribes and Pharisees (Matthew 23:1-7)
23:1
2. The Humility of Faithful Teachers
(Matthew 23:8-12)
23:8
3. The First Woe to the Scribes and Pharisees
(Matthew 23:13)
23:13
4. The Second Woe
(Matthew 23:14)
23:14
5. The Third Woe
(Matthew 23:15)
23:15
6. The Fourth Woe
(Matthew 23:16-22)
23:16
7. The Fifth Woe
(Matthew 23:23-24)
23:23
8. The Sixth Woe
(Matthew 23:25-26)
23:25
9. The Seventh Woe
(Matthew 23:27-28)
23:27
10. The Eighth Woe
(Matthew 23:29-33)
23:29
11. Jesus’ Prophesy about Jerusalem
(Matthew 23:34-36)
23:34
12. The Hardheartedness of the People of Jerusalem in Front of Christ’s Mercy and Compassion
(Matthew 23:37-39)
23:37
C - CHRIST’S SERMON ON THE MOUNT OF OLIVES
(MATTHEW 24:1-25:46) (The Sixth Collection of Words of Jesus)

1. Christ Leaves the Temple (Matthew 24:1-2)
24:1
2. The Disciples’ Questions (Matthew 24:3) 24:3
3. Take Heed that no One Deceives You
(Matthew 24:4-5)
24:4
4. God’s Wrath Falling on Men
(Matthew 24:6-8)
24:6
5. They Will Deliver You up to Tribulation
(Matthew 24:9-14)
24:9
5. They Will Deliver You up to Tribulation
(Matthew 24:9-14) - continued
24:12
6. The Destruction of Jerusalem
(Matthew 24:15-22)
24:15
7. False Christs
(Matthew 24:23-26)
24:23
8. The Clear Signs of Christ’s Second Coming
(Matthew 24:27-31)
24:27
9. The End of the Worlds
(Matthew 24:32-36)
24:32
10. The Salvation of the Believers
(Matthew 24:37-41)
24:37
11. Watch!
(Matthew 24:42-51)
24:42
11. Watch!
(Matthew 24:42-51) - continued
24:45
12. The Parable of the Wise and Foolish Virgins
(Matthew 25:1-13)
25:1
12. The Parable of the Wise and Foolish Virgins
(Matthew 25:1-13) - continued
25:6
12. The Parable of the Wise and Foolish Virgins
(Matthew 25:1-13) - continued
25:8
13. The Parable of the Talents
(Matthew 25:14-30)

a) Are You Talented?
(Matthew 25:14-18)
25:14
b) The Lord Rewards the Faithful
(Matthew 25:19-23)
25:19
c) The Lord Judges the Lazy Servant
(Matthew 25:24-30)
25:24
14. Christ is the Eternal Judge
(Matthew 25:31-33)
25:31
15. Christ’s Judgment on His Loving Followers
(Matthew 25:34-40)
25:34
16. The Judge’s Judgment on the Evil Ones
(Matthew 25:41-46)
25:41

PART 6
CHRIST’S SUFFEINGS AND DEATH
(MATTHEW 26:1-27:66)

PART 7
THE RESURRECTION OF OUR LORD JESUS CHRIST
(MATTHEW 28:1-20)

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