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COMMENTARY

COMMENTARY
English
Gospel according to Matthew
Gospel according to Mark
Gospel according to Luke
Gospel according to John
Acts of the Apostles
Epistle to the Romans

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Die Offenbarung des Johannes

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إنجيل المسيح حسب متى
إنجيل المسيح حسب مرقس
إنجيل المسيح حسب لوقا
إنجيل المسيح حسب يوحنا
أعمال الرسل
رسالة إِلى أهل رومية
رسالة إِلى أهل غلاطية
رسالة إِلى أهل فيلبي
رسالة إلى أهل كولوسي
رسالة إلى العبرانيين
رسالة يعقوب
رؤيا يوحنا

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B - CHRIST REBUKES AND WARNS THE JEWISH SPIRITUAL LEADERS
(MATTHEW 23:1-39) (The Fifth Collection of the Words of Jesus)

1. Rebuke of the Scribes and Pharisees (Matthew 23:1-7)
1   Then spake Jesus to the multitude, and to his disciples,
2   Saying, The scribes and the Pharisees sit in Moses� seat:
3   All therefore whatsoever they bid you observe, that observe and do; but do not ye after their works: for they say, and do not.
4   For they bind heavy burdens and grievous to be borne, and lay them on men's shoulders; but they themselves will not move them with one of their fingers.
5   But all their works they do for to be seen of men: they make broad their phylacteries, and enlarge the borders of their garments,
6   And love the uppermost rooms at feasts, and the chief seats in the synagogues,
7   And greetings in the markets, and to be called of men, Rabbi, Rabbi.

Jesus acknowledged the authority and office of the Pharisees as successors of Moses: as such, they were to teach sound doctrine based on the Old Testament scriptures. The Lord considered this job essential, and encouraged His disciples to apply themselves to the careful study of the scriptures and prophets, and to accept the interpretation of the scribes.
The Pharisees sat in Moses' seat, not as mediators between God and Israel, but as implementers of the law (Exodus 18:26). They were not the law-giving authority like the Sanhedrin, but interpreted the commandments of the law and urged people to apply them.It is not enough to simply know the law with its 613 commandments. The important thing is to apply it. It is easier to teach or interpret the law than it is to obey it. None of us is perfect, but woe to him who imposes duties upon others which he is not himself willing to submit to. This is hypocrisy. Anyone who imposes the observation of ordinances and commandments, with more strictness and severity than God Himself, is not a teacher of the New Testament but is still in the tradition of the Pharisees.
Jesus taught that anyone who breaks even one commandment and teaches others to do the same deserves judgment (Matthew 5:19). His sin is considered the same as if he had neglected the whole law (James 2:10), for whoever disobeys any commandment transgresses against God Himself. Though the teachers of law knew that they were also under judgment because of their transgressions against the Lord's commandments, they ignored the truth, clinging to the traditions of their elders. They followed many customs such as tying their hands with leather belts during prayer and ablution, and sewing fringes on garments (each of which indicated a commandment, order, or prohibition). They created many rules and rituals to silence their consciences and appease their guilt. They stressed the keeping and applying of the law without necessarily applying it themselves.
A good place can be occupied by bad men. It is nothing new for the vilest men to be exalted even to Moses' seat (Psalm 12:8). When it happens, the men are not so much honored by the seat as the seat is dishonored by the men. The profession of godliness can become more important than godliness itself, and the pride of such people changes worship into hypocrisy and blasphemy. The hypocrites of Jesus' time were publicly rebuked by Him: He explained to them that they loved the traditions of men more than the commandments of God (Matthew 15:9).

 

Prayer:   Lord Jesus Christ, we thank You because You reproached the hypocrites who preach the observance of the commandments which they themselves do not observe. They rather pretend godliness in front of others while they are devils themselves. Forgive us every wrong word we have spoken and our pretense that we are not hypocrites when we talk about godliness but don't practice it. Keep us from hypocrisy and help us to be upright in word and deed at all times. Guide us to a spiritual repentance and to a wise testimony.

 

Question:

200. Why did Jesus rebuke the scribes and the Pharisees of His time?

 

 

Table of contents

PREFACE

PART 1
THE PRELIMINARY PERIOD IN THE MINISTRY OF CHRIST
(MATTHEW 1:1 - 4:25)

PART 2
CHRIST TEACHES AND MINISTERS IN GALILEE
(MATTHEW 5:1 - 11:1)

PART 3
THE UNBELIEVING JEWS AND THEIR ENMITY TO JESUS
(MATTHEW 11:2-18:35)

PART 4
JESUS’ MINISTRY IN THE JORDAN VALLEY DURING HIS JOURNEY TO JERUSALEM
(MATTHEW 19:1 - 20:34)

PART 5
JESUS’ LAST MINISTRIES IN JERUSALEM
(MATTHEW 21:1 - 25:46)

A - A DISPUTE IN THE TEMPLE
(MATTHEW 21:1 - 22:46)

1. Jesus’ Entrance into Jerusalem
(Matthew 21:1-9)
21:1
A - A DISPUTE IN THE TEMPLE
(MATTHEW 21:1 - 22:46)

1. Jesus’ Entrance into Jerusalem
(Matthew 21:1-9) - continued
21:6
2. Jesus Cleanses the Temple
(Matthew 21:10-17)
21:10
2. Jesus Cleanses the Temple
(Matthew 21:10-17) - continued
21:14
3. The Unfruitful Fig Tree Cursed
(Matthew 21:18-22)
21:18
4. Jesus Questioned by the Elders of the Jews
(Matthew 21:23-27)
21:23
4. Jesus Questioned by the Elders of the Jews
(Matthew 21:23-27) - continued
21:24
5. Jesus Gives Four Parables
(Matthew 21:28 - 22:14)

a) The Parable of the Two Sons
(Matthew 21:28-32)
21:28
b) The Parable of the Wicked Vinedressers
(Matthew 21:33-41)
21:33
c) The Parable about the Stumbling Block
(Matthew 21:42-46)
21:42
d) The Parable of the Great Wedding Feast
(Matthew 22:1-14)
22:1
6. The Things that are Caesar’s, and Those that are God’s
(Matthew 22:15-22)
22:15
7. In the Resurrection they neither Marry nor are Given in Marriage
(Matthew 22:23-33)
22:23
8. The Great Commandment
(Matthew 22:34-40)
22:34
9. Christ is the Lord
(Matthew 22:41-46)
22:41
B - CHRIST REBUKES AND WARNS THE JEWISH SPIRITUAL LEADERS
(MATTHEW 23:1-39) (The Fifth Collection of the Words of Jesus)

1. Rebuke of the Scribes and Pharisees (Matthew 23:1-7)
23:1
2. The Humility of Faithful Teachers
(Matthew 23:8-12)
23:8
3. The First Woe to the Scribes and Pharisees
(Matthew 23:13)
23:13
4. The Second Woe
(Matthew 23:14)
23:14
5. The Third Woe
(Matthew 23:15)
23:15
6. The Fourth Woe
(Matthew 23:16-22)
23:16
7. The Fifth Woe
(Matthew 23:23-24)
23:23
8. The Sixth Woe
(Matthew 23:25-26)
23:25
9. The Seventh Woe
(Matthew 23:27-28)
23:27
10. The Eighth Woe
(Matthew 23:29-33)
23:29
11. Jesus’ Prophesy about Jerusalem
(Matthew 23:34-36)
23:34
12. The Hardheartedness of the People of Jerusalem in Front of Christ’s Mercy and Compassion
(Matthew 23:37-39)
23:37
C - CHRIST’S SERMON ON THE MOUNT OF OLIVES
(MATTHEW 24:1-25:46) (The Sixth Collection of Words of Jesus)

1. Christ Leaves the Temple (Matthew 24:1-2)
24:1
2. The Disciples’ Questions (Matthew 24:3) 24:3
3. Take Heed that no One Deceives You
(Matthew 24:4-5)
24:4
4. God’s Wrath Falling on Men
(Matthew 24:6-8)
24:6
5. They Will Deliver You up to Tribulation
(Matthew 24:9-14)
24:9
5. They Will Deliver You up to Tribulation
(Matthew 24:9-14) - continued
24:12
6. The Destruction of Jerusalem
(Matthew 24:15-22)
24:15
7. False Christs
(Matthew 24:23-26)
24:23
8. The Clear Signs of Christ’s Second Coming
(Matthew 24:27-31)
24:27
9. The End of the Worlds
(Matthew 24:32-36)
24:32
10. The Salvation of the Believers
(Matthew 24:37-41)
24:37
11. Watch!
(Matthew 24:42-51)
24:42
11. Watch!
(Matthew 24:42-51) - continued
24:45
12. The Parable of the Wise and Foolish Virgins
(Matthew 25:1-13)
25:1
12. The Parable of the Wise and Foolish Virgins
(Matthew 25:1-13) - continued
25:6
12. The Parable of the Wise and Foolish Virgins
(Matthew 25:1-13) - continued
25:8
13. The Parable of the Talents
(Matthew 25:14-30)

a) Are You Talented?
(Matthew 25:14-18)
25:14
b) The Lord Rewards the Faithful
(Matthew 25:19-23)
25:19
c) The Lord Judges the Lazy Servant
(Matthew 25:24-30)
25:24
14. Christ is the Eternal Judge
(Matthew 25:31-33)
25:31
15. Christ’s Judgment on His Loving Followers
(Matthew 25:34-40)
25:34
16. The Judge’s Judgment on the Evil Ones
(Matthew 25:41-46)
25:41

PART 6
CHRIST’S SUFFEINGS AND DEATH
(MATTHEW 26:1-27:66)

PART 7
THE RESURRECTION OF OUR LORD JESUS CHRIST
(MATTHEW 28:1-20)

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